4 Common Types of Plastic and Their Properties

4 Common Types of Plastic and Their Properties

When it comes to plastic, there are countless products, types, and styles of material in the world. The word ‘plastic’ is a broad umbrella term that encompasses a wide range of specific types and refers to a synthetic material that can be made with any number of organic polymers. Once made, the material can be molded into any shape or style necessary for a client’s needs. But what are some of the most common types of plastics and what are they used for? Read on to learn about 6 of the most common types of plastics and how they are used for industrial and personal use.

  1. Polycarbonate (PC)

Transparent and high strength, this plastic is an excellent engineering material and can be cut or cold-formed without previous fabrication or forming. Polycarbonate is known for its ‘clear as glass’ appearance and high impact resistance. If you’re looking for polycarbonate in your home, you’d be likely to find it in DVDs, sunglasses, or even in your sports equipment.

  1. Polyethylene (PE)

Perhaps the most common category of plastic, polyethylene encompasses a few different subsets of material. The two most common, Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) and High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE), are used in a wide range of industries and products. LDPE is a lightweight, low tensile strength plastic that is often used to manufacture grocery bags and food storage containers. HDPE, on the other hand, is a hard, tough material that is used for a range of products including laundry detergent bottles, folding chairs, and sewer piping.

  1. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PETE or PET)

If you’ve ever used a plastic water bottle, then you’ve benefitted from polyethylene terephthalate. This lightweight, but sturdy plastic is used for a wide variety of purposes but is most commonly used for bottling and packaging. With a high chemical resistance and impressive strength to weight ratio, the uses of polyethylene terephthalate are endless.

  1. Polypropylene (PP)

The MVP of the packaging world is polypropylene plastic. The flexibility and thermoplastic properties of this plastic make it especially resilient to duress, cracking, and breakage. Polypropylene is often manufactured in sheets that are then shaped to a consumer’s needs. Other applications include the use of the polymer in the manufacturing of medical devices, automotive parts, and textiles.

Trust the Professionals

Not every plastic is equal. To ensure your specific needs are met with the right plastic, speak with a specialist at L-S Industries today. Our wide range of products is guaranteed to meet your business needs while providing the highest quality service around.